New report shows how electrifying Oregon’s buildings could cut carbon emissions and transform our energy system
Portland -- Oregon could see a critical reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and gas usage if it electrifies all of its buildings during the next 30 years, according to a new report released today by Environment Oregon Research & Policy Center, OSPIRG Education Fund and Frontier Group. The study, Electric Buildings: Repowering Homes and Businesses for Our Health and Environment, found that completely repowering Oregon’s homes and businesses with electricity by 2050 is expected to result in a net reduction of 4.1 million metric tons of CO2 emissions.
The report also outlines how overcoming key barriers standing in the way of widespread building electrification can improve public health and play a key role in fighting climate change.
“Breaking off our dependence on fossil fuels will mean rewiring our buildings and hooking them up to a clean, green grid,” said John Ammondson, Advocate with Environment Oregon Research & Policy Center. “The possibilities we see in Oregon should give us the hope and motivation we need to kickstart the movement towards 100 percent electric buildings.”
The risks of fossil fuel heating systems were illustrated just a few months ago by a large natural gas leak in inner Northwest Portland, affecting 2400 customers including the downtown Powell’s bookstore. There are multiple bills being considered in the Oregon Legislature this session relating to building electrification, including House Bill 2398, which would allow municipalities to adopt more energy-efficient REACH code standards.
In addition to state-specific data, the study identifies the national benefits from banning fossil fuels in homes and businesses. Electrifying a majority of America’s buildings by 2050 could reduce net emissions from the residential and commercial sectors by 306 million metric tons, which is equivalent to taking about 65 million cars off the road.
Electric Buildings also emphasizes the role such electric technologies as heat pumps, water heaters and other electric appliances like induction stoves can play as America moves away from fossil fuels. Advances in electrifying these technologies have made them more efficient and affordable. This means that using fully electric systems in homes and commercial buildings now makes sense for owners in almost all instances of new construction.
“Last century, many families saw their quality of life improve when they switched from a coal-burning stove to an electric or gas range, or an icebox to an electric refrigerator,” Ammondson said. “Today, a similar technological revolution is underway to replace fossil fuel heating and cooking with electric technologies. Current electric heat pumps offer better indoor climate control and lower operating costs than gas furnaces and the sooner America makes the switch, the sooner we’ll realize the benefits of cleaner and more efficient energy.”